- 1 What is the difference between pernicious anemia and B12 deficiency?
- 2 Which type of anemia is caused by a vitamin B12 deficiency?
- 3 Is pernicious anemia life threatening?
- 4 What type of anemia results from a vitamin B12 or folic acid deficiency or both?
- 5 Do you have to take B12 injections for life?
- 6 What medications should not be taken with B12?
- 7 How do you know if your B12 is low?
- 8 How long does it take for B12 supplements to work?
- 9 Is iron and vitamin B12 the same thing?
- 10 Can pernicious anemia turn into leukemia?
- 11 What is the main cause of pernicious anemia?
- 12 Can you drink alcohol if you have pernicious anemia?
- 13 Can you be B12 deficient and not anemic?
- 14 How long does it take to recover from B12 deficiency?
- 15 Can I take iron and B12 together?
What is the difference between pernicious anemia and B12 deficiency?
Pernicious anemia is a deficiency in red blood cells caused by lack of vitamin B12 in the blood. Pernicious anemia is defined as a type of vitamin B12 deficiency that results from impaired uptake of vitamin B-12 due to the lack of a substance known as intrinsic factor (IF) produced by the stomach lining.
Which type of anemia is caused by a vitamin B12 deficiency?
Intrinsic factor is a protein made in the stomach. It is needed to absorb vitamin B12. This type of B12 deficiency anemia is called pernicious anemia.
Is pernicious anemia life threatening?
If pernicious anemia is ignored, undiagnosed, or left untreated, life–threatening complications can occur. Pernicious anemia is treated by injection of vitamin B12 (hydroxocobalamin or cyanocobalamin) into the muscle.
What type of anemia results from a vitamin B12 or folic acid deficiency or both?
Either a lack of vitamin B-12 or a lack of folate causes a type of anemia called megaloblastic anemia (pernicious anemia). With these types of anemia, the red blood cells don’t develop normally. They are very large.
Do you have to take B12 injections for life?
If your vitamin B12 deficiency is not caused by a lack of vitamin B12 in your diet, you‘ll usually need to have an injection of hydroxocobalamin every 2 to 3 months for the rest of your life.
What medications should not be taken with B12?
Certain medications can decrease the absorption of vitamin B12, including: colchicine, metformin, extended-release potassium products, antibiotics (such as gentamicin, neomycin, tobramycin), anti-seizure medications (such as phenobarbital, phenytoin, primidone), medications to treat heartburn (such as H2 blockers
How do you know if your B12 is low?
Symptoms of Vitamin B12 Deficiency
- Weakness, tiredness, or lightheadedness.
- Heart palpitations and shortness of breath.
- Pale skin.
- A smooth tongue.
- Constipation, diarrhea, loss of appetite, or gas.
- Nerve problems like numbness or tingling, muscle weakness, and problems walking.
- Vision loss.
How long does it take for B12 supplements to work?
A response usually is seen within 48 to 72 hours, with brisk production of new red blood cells. Once B12 reserves reach normal levels, injections of vitamin B12 will be needed every one to three months to prevent symptoms from returning.
Is iron and vitamin B12 the same thing?
Iron is an important mineral that the body needs to produce red blood cells. Vitamin C improves the absorption of iron from the stomach. Vitamin B12 is important for normal blood, cells, and nerves. Folic acid is needed to form healthy cells, especially red blood cells.
Can pernicious anemia turn into leukemia?
Individuals with pernicious anemia were also at significantly increased risk of developing myeloma (OR: 1.55), acute myeloid leukemia (OR: 1.68) and myelodysplastic syndromes (OR: 2.87).
What is the main cause of pernicious anemia?
Common causes of pernicious anemia include: Weakened stomach lining (atrophic gastritis) An autoimmune condition in which the body’s immune system attacks the actual intrinsic factor protein or the cells in the lining of your stomach that make it.
Can you drink alcohol if you have pernicious anemia?
Do not drink alcohol while you are being treated. Alcohol can prevent the body from absorbing vitamin B12. Eat foods that have folate (also called folic acid). This is another type of B vitamin.
Can you be B12 deficient and not anemic?
The symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency can develop slowly and worsen over time. Some symptoms may be experienced by people who have a vitamin B12 deficiency without anemia. Some people may experience no symptoms, despite low levels of vitamin B12.
How long does it take to recover from B12 deficiency?
Recovery from vitamin B12 deficiency takes time and you may not experience any improvement during the first few months of treatment. Improvement may be gradual and may continue for up to six to 12 months.
Can I take iron and B12 together?
No interactions were found between Iron Sulfate and Vitamin B12. This does not necessarily mean no interactions exist. Always consult your healthcare provider.