Quick Answer: Why Give Thiamine But Not B12 In The Er?

Why do alcoholics need vitamin B and thiamine?

It is well known that chronic alcoholics are at high risk for being deficient in vitamin B1 (thiamine), which is known to put the patient at an increased risk for Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome, cerebellar degeneration, and cardiovascular dysfunction.

Is vitamin B12 the same as thiamine?

The B vitamins are: Thiamine (B1), Riboflavin (B2), Niacin (B3), Pantothenic Acid (B5), Pyridoxine (B6), Biotin (B7), Folate/Folic acid (B9) and Cobalamin (B12). What it does: Thiamine is an important cofactor in breaking down carbohydrates. It helps with protein synthesis and the production of neurotransmitters.

Why do we give thiamine to alcoholics?

Thiamine is useful in preventing Wernicke encephalopathy, an acute disorder due to thiamine deficiency manifested by confusion, ataxia, and ophthalmoplegia, as well as the chronic Korsakoff syndrome, which is manifested by memory impairment and amnesia.

Why is thiamine given IV?

Objectives: Intravenous (IV) thiamine, administered using both diluted solution for infusion and undiluted solution for IV push, is used to correct low levels of thiamine. Although thiamine has a good safety profile, its IV administration is associated with rare cases of anaphylaxis.

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What B Vitamins Do alcoholics need?

Vitamin B-12 plays an important role in production brain chemicals that effect our mood and many other crucial brain functions. Low levels of B -12 and B-6 have been linked to depression. Drinking alcohol regularly for more than two weeks decreases vitamin B12 absorption from the gastrointestinal tract.

Is vitamin B complex good for alcoholics?

About Essential Vitamins & Nutrients

Many of the symptoms described above are caused by nutrient deficiencies, particularly the Bcomplex vitamins, which are especially vulnerable to alcohol use. These vitamins are essential to mental and emotional well being.

Which B vitamin is most important?

B12 (cobalamin): Perhaps the most well-known of all the B vitamins, B12 is vital for neurological function, DNA production and red blood cell development.

Does B12 help your hair grow?

B12 promotes healthy hair growth by assisting in the production of oxygen-rich red blood cells, which feed hair follicles. Your hair is made of a protein called keratin. Since B12 helps produce red blood cells, having enough of this vitamin is essential to the hair growth process.

Can I take vitamin B1 and B12 together?

Taking vitamin B1 combined with vitamin B12 may improve symptoms of diabetic neuropathy. A controlled trial in Africa found that supplementing with both vitamin B1 (25 mg per day) and vitamin B6 (50 mg per day) led to significant improvement of symptoms of diabetic neuropathy after four weeks.

What vitamins do heavy drinkers need?

True. Those who abuse alcohol are prone to vitamin deficiencies, especially of vitamin B-l (thiamin), vitamin B-3 (niacin) and folacin (folic acid), along with deficiencies in the minerals zinc and magnesium. The answer, of course, is to have a more moderate alcohol consumption.

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Can you drink alcohol while taking thiamine?

Long-term drinking or heavy drinking can stop your body from absorbing thiamine (vitamin B1). If you are taking thiamine for vitamin B1 deficiency, it’s best to avoid drinking alcohol as this will make your symptoms worse. If you are taking thiamine as a vitamin supplement, avoid drinking too much.

How long can you live with wet brain?

There is no cut-and-dry life expectancy for someone with wet brain; some people completely recover from the syndrome, while others deal with symptoms for the rest of their lives due to the brain damage. If someone will see improvement, it will typically happen within the first two years of diagnosis or treatment.

What are the side effects of thiamine?

Side effects of thiamine include:

  • warmth.
  • severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis)
  • skin discoloration.
  • sweating.
  • restlessness.
  • rapid swelling of the skin.
  • itching.
  • hives.

Can you give thiamine IV push?

Intravenous push thiamine in doses ranging from 100 mg to 250 mg may be considered safe for administration and there is a signal that 500 mg doses of IV push thiamine may be safely administered.

How long should thiamine be supplemented in Korsakoff psychosis?

Traditional regimens in the United States have used 100 mg of parental (intravenous or intramuscular) thiamine for 3-7 days (treatment period), followed by oral thiamine indefinitely as long as the patient is consuming alcohol.

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